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Land Adventures -- Mountain Climbing & Kloofing
View info or gallery for Mountain Climbing & Kloofing
Mountain Climbing & Kloofing: 17 listings
Wonderwall Indoor Climbing Gym
Johannesburg, GAU
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Team building
Rustenburg, NWP
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Four Legged Fish Adventures
East London, EC
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Back 2 Basics
Overberg, WC
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High Adventure
Cape Town, WC
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Montagu Rock Climbing
Breede River Valley, WC
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Revel Adventures Kloofing
Cape Town, WC
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Adventure Dynamics
Johannesburg, GAU
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Peak High Mountaineering
Pietermaritzburg, KZN
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Table Mountain Cableway
Cape Town, WC
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Frixion Adventures
Cape Town, WC
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Venture Forth International
Cape Town, WC
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Magoebaskloof Adventures
Mopani, LIM
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Nuy River Gorge Kloofing
Breede River Valley, WC
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Adventure Solution
West Rand, GAU
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Choose Life Adventures
Brits, NWP
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Roc 'n Rope Adventures
Watervalboven, MPU
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Mountain Climbing Adventure: Conquer your fear of heights...
Mountain Climbing Adventure:
Conquer your fear of heights...
Fancy an uninterrupted view of the sunrise? Then do what Roman Emperor Hadrian did in 121 A.D. and climb a mountain! (In his case it was Mount Etna at 3350m).

From 121 A.D. to the successful climbing of Mount Everest (the highest mountain in the world) in 1953, man has consistently pitted his wits and skills against high mountains, rock faces, and mother nature. This sport is truly one for the extreme adventurer and the man, or woman, looking for awe inspiring adventure sports.

The thrill and challenge of climbing continues today with an ever increasing number of people partaking in the sport.

South Africa lends itself to several disciplines of climbing having not only an abundance of rock but also great year-round weather. Nothing can beat the exhilarating feeling of accomplishment one gets when summiting a mountain and breathing in the fresh air and majestic views.
A word on Mountain Climbing & Kloofing:
  "To qualify for mountain rescue work, you have to pass our test. The doctor holds a flashlight to your ear. If he can see light coming out the other one, you qualify." — Willi Pfisterer.

"There is no such thing as bad weather, only inappropriate clothing." — Sir Rannulph Fiennes.

"Getting out of this required a 5.11 Beached Whale move combined with a Bloody Scream, something they never teach in the gym." — Lord Slime.
 


Equipment:

When you are latched onto the side of a mountain you want to be sure that your equipment is in good shape and that your safety is a priority.

Most mountain climbers carry backpacks with first aid supplies, food and extra clothing in case of sudden changes in the weather conditions. Should the climb be going to last more than one day then additional supplies by way of sleeping bags, cooking equipment etc will also be taken.

Footwear is important in mountain climbing and must be carefully selected for the type of terrain to be tackled.

From rock climbing to climbing a glacier, every discipline has its own specialised requirements. The only two rules are: Know what you need and don’t skimp on the equipment!

But don’t worry; if you are new to this, there is always help and advice close at hand.
Mountain Climbing Adventure: Just you and the rocks...
Mountain Climbing Adventure:
Just you and the rocks...


Safety:

Climbers usually work in pairs, with one climbing and the other belaying. The belayer feeds rope to the lead climber through a belay device. The Leader climbs up, places protection, climbs higher and places protection until the top is reached. The belayer is ready to "lock off" the rope if the leader falls.

Both climbers attach the rope to their climbing harness, usually tying into their harness with a figure-of-eight knot or double bowline knot. The leader either places protection or clips into permanent protection already secured to the rock. In traditional climbing the protection is removable. Usually nuts or spring-loaded camming devices are set in cracks in the rock (although pitons are sometimes used). In sport climbing the protection is metal loops called hangers. Hangers are secured to the rock with either expanding masonry bolts taken from the construction industry, or by placing (generally safer) glue-in bolt systems. In ice climbing the protection is tubular ice-screws or similar devices hammered or screwed into the ice by the leader, and removed by the second climber.

The leader connects the rope to the protection with carabiners. If the leader falls, he will fall twice the length of the rope out from the last protection point, plus rope stretch (typically 5 to 8% of the rope out), plus slack. If any of the gear breaks or pulls out of the rock or if the belayer fails to lock off the belay device immediately, the fall will be significantly longer. Thus if a climber is 5 feet above the last protection he will fall 5 feet to the protection, 5 feet below the protection, plus slack and rope stretch, for a total fall of over 10 feet.

If the leader falls, the belayer arrests the rope. This is achieved by running the rope through a belay device attached to the belayer's harness. The belay device runs the rope through a series of sharp curves that, when operated properly, greatly increase the friction and stop the rope from running.

At the top of the pitch, the leader sets up a secure anchor or belay. Now the leader belays while the belayer climbs. The second climber removes the gear from the rock (traditional climbing) or removes the carabiner from the bolted hanger (adventure sport climbing). Both climbers are now at the top of the pitch with all their equipment. Note that the second is protected from above while climbing, but the leader is not, so being the leader is more challenging and dangerous - very dangerous for new climbers.

Interesting Facts:

Peter of Aragon climbed Canigou in the Pyrenees in the last quarter of the 13th Century

The Alpine Club, founded in London in 1857, was probably the first mountaineering club formed.

The Mountain Club of South Africa was formed in 1891 and is still an active club for local enthusiasts.
: Test your grip...
Mountain Climbing Adventure:
Test your grip...


History:

Although the practice of rock climbing was an important component of Victorian mountaineering in the Alps, it is generally thought that the sport of rock climbing began in the last quarter of the nineteenth century in at least three areas: Elbsandsteingebirge, in Saxony near Dresden, the Lake District of England, and the Dolomites in Italy. Rock climbing evolved gradually from an alpine necessity to an athletic sport in its own right, making it imprudent to cite a primogenitor of the latter in each of these three locales. Nevertheless, there is some general agreement on the following:
  • Heralded as a sport in England in the late 1880s after the (well publicised) solo first ascent of the Napes Needle by Walter Parry Haskett Smith, rock climbing attracted increasing numbers of participants. An early benchmark approaching modern levels of difficulty was the ascent, by O. G. Jones, of Kern Knotts Crack (5.8) in 1897. Jones was attracted to the new sport by a photo of the Needle in a shop window in the early 1890s. By the end of the Victorian era as many as 60 enthusiasts at a time would gather at the Wastwater Hotel in the Lake District during vacation periods.
  • Inspired by the efforts of late 19th century pioneers such as Oskar Schuster (Falkenstein, Schusterweg 1892), by 1903 there were approximately 500 climbers active in the Elbsandstein region, including the well-known team of Rudolf Fehrmann and the American, Oliver Perry-Smith; their 1906 ascent of Teufelsturm (at VIIb) set new standards of difficulty. By the 1930s there were over 200 small climbing clubs represented in the area.
  • The solo first ascent of Die Vajolettürme in 1887 by the 17 year-old Munich high school student, Georg Winkler, encouraged the acceptance and development of the sport in the Dolomites.
As rock climbing matured, a variety of grading systems were created in order to more accurately compare relative difficulties of climbs. Over the years both climbing techniques and the equipment climbers use to advance the sport have evolved in a steady fashion. Many participants regard rock climbing as more a lifestyle than merely an athletic pursuit.

Links:



Saclimb.co.za
Mountain Club of South Africa

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Gallery
Howick Falls - amazing rock climbing adventure: Credit: Dan Wallenberg - Over the Top Adventures Client
Howick Falls - amazing rock climbing adventure
Credit: Dan Wallenberg - Over the Top Adventures Client
The Final Stretch - Oribi Gorge: Credit: Ernest Roper
The Final Stretch - Oribi Gorge
Credit: Ernest Roper
 
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